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ECG Electrodes

Millions of people each year have an electrocardiogram (EKG/ECG) test to assess the electrical activity of their hearts. ECG tests are very important to review the health of your heart. ECG tests help diagnose heart disease and abnormal conditions. ECG tests are painless and can be done resting or during exercise. Patients are connected to the ECG machine by ECG electrodes. ECG electrodes are available in a wide variety shapes, sizes, and adhesives to optimally fit the clinical needs of specific tests.

ECG electrodes have different backing materials specific to their use. ECG electrodes that are worn during exercise need to stretch and allow for perspiration. Newer types of electrodes have a non-porous backing material that can be worn for several days without skin irritation. The squeeze clip is popular because it connects securely to the electrode without pressure on the patient, negating benefit and cost of an offset tab connector. Some ECG electrodes can stay fresh for up to 60 days in a folded bag. Here are some of the most common types:

  • Cloth: for longer term wear, permits normal skin respiration and stretches with movement
  • Foam: for shorter term wear, high adhesion
  • Tab: for use with alligator clip connectors
  • Wet/Gel: for quick signal acquisition

The most common ECG monitoring strategies use either a 3-Lead, 5-Lead, or 12-Lead.

  • 3-lead is used on transport (medical vehicle or in-hospital transport) monitors, and monitors two different areas of the heart (one lateral, two inferior)
  • 5-lead is used in the ICU to monitor the third anterior area
  • 12-lead ECG provides detailed look at the heart's three areas: anterior/front, lateral/side, inferior/back

12 Lead ECG is a part of the routine assessment of a patient with possible Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS).  In conjunction with heath history, symptoms and vital signs the 12 lead ECG is critical to the diagnosis of a cardiac patient.

There are 10 wires on an ECG machine that are connected to specific parts of the body. These wires break down into 2 groups:

  • Six chest leads
  • Four limb leads
    • The upper limb electrodes can be attached anywhere along the arms from the wrists to the shoulders
    • The lower limb electrodes can be attached anywhere from the ankles to the thighs

USA Medical and Surgical Supplies is a medical supplier dedicated to helping customers lower their costs and save time ordering supplies. We leverage technology and streamline our operations to provide low prices to our customers. Our store provides fast, secure shopping and a quick reordering system. Our team has decades of experience and we are happy to help you find the best product for your needs. We work hard to provide top quality medical supplies and equipment at low prices. We provide free shipping on orders over $350, excluding oversize and heavy freight items. Thank you for visiting our medical and surgical supply store.

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