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Surgical Blades

Surgical blades, or scalpels, are used for cutting skin and tissue during surgical procedures. There are different types of blades specific to the type of procedure. Surgical blades vary by size and shape. The number of the blade indicates the blade size and shape. Surgical blades are typically made with stainless steel or carbon steel.

Surgical blades come in a variety of forms giving surgeons and medical staff the right blade for the procedure. Surgical blades are typically sold separate from the blade handle. Surgical blades are available in disposable scalpels (sterile and non-sterile). Disposable scalpels are single-use scalpels that commonly use a plastic handle connected to a surgical blade. Safety scalpels are scalpels that have a covering around the blade that covers the blade until it is used. Safety scalpels help prevent accidental contact with the surgical blade.

Some of the most common blades are described below:

  • The number 10 blade has a large curved cutting edge is one of the more traditional blade shapes and is used for making large incisions and cutting soft tissue.
  • The number 11 blade is an elongated, triangular blade sharpened along the hypotenuse edge. It has a pointed tip making it ideal for stab incisions and precise short cuts in shallow recessed areas.
  • The number 12 blade is a small, pointed crescent-shaped blade sharpened along the inside edge of the curve. It sometimes used as a suture cutter.
  • The number 15 blade has a small, curved cutting edge ideal for making short, precise incisions.
  • The number 22 blade is a larger version of the number 10 blade with a curved cutting edge and a flat, unsharpened back edge. It is often used for creating large incisions through thick skin.

The distinguishing factors of a surgical blade are the edge, spine, and slot.

The edge of the scalpel blade is the sharp cutting surface. Scalpel blades are available in a variety of different styles. The main differences relate to the overall size of the blade or the shape of the cutting edge.

The spine of the scalpel blade is the unsharpened, rigid edge. Scalpel blades are generally made of hardened and tempered steel, stainless steel, or high carbon steel.

The most common type of scalpel blade used in surgery is the non-attached, replaceable blade. This type of blade has a key-like slot at the angled base that securely locks the scalpel blade to the scalpel handle. The scalpel handle is “armed” or “disarmed” by sliding the end of the handle in or out of the slot.

USA Medical and Surgical Supplies provides a range of surgical blades, disposable scalpels, and blade handles. Our team at USA Medical and Surgical Supplies has decades of experience with medical supplies and equipment. Please contact us if you have any questions about the right equipment, supplies for you or your organization. USA Medical and Surgical Supplies provides top quality medical supplies and equipment at low prices. We provide free shipping on orders over $350, excluding oversize and heavy freight items. Thank you for visiting our medical and surgical supply store.

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